tupling
A program transformation where several results are returned from a single
traversal of a data structure. E.g.
mean l = sum l / length l
==>
mean l = s/n
where
(s,n) = sumLen l
sumLen [] = (0,0)
sumLen (x:xs) = (s+x, n+1)
where
(s,n) = sumLen xs
In procedural languages this technique is known as horizontal loop
combination because it uses one loop to calculate
several results.
Another form of tupling transformation is used to avoid repeated evaluation
where a function generates several identical calls to itself. By analysing the
pattern of recursion (see descent function) it is possible to arrange for these
identical calls to share results. E.g.
fib 0 = 1
fib 1 = 1
fib n = fib (n1) + fib (n2)
==>
fib n = v where (_,v) = fibt n
fibt 0 = (1,1)
fibt n = (u+v,u) where (u,v) = fibt (n1)
(19950112)
Nearby terms:
tuple « tuple calculus « Tuple Space Smalltalk «
tupling
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