tensor product
<mathematics> A function of two vector spaces, U and V, which returns the
space of linear maps from V's dual to U.
Tensor product has natural symmetry in interchange of U and V and it produces an
associative "multiplication" on vector spaces.
Wrinting * for tensor product, we can map UxV to U*V via: (u,v) maps to that
linear map which takes any w in V's dual to u times w's action on v. We call
this linear map u*v. One can then show that
u * v + u * x = u * (v+x)
u * v + t * v = (u+t) * v
and
hu * v = h(u * v) = u * hv
ie, the mapping respects linearity: whence any bilinear map from UxV (to
wherever) may be factorised via this mapping. This
gives us the degree of natural symmetry in swapping
U and V. By rolling it up to multilinear maps from
products of several vector spaces, we can get to the
natural associative "multiplication" on vector
spaces.
When all the vector spaces are the same, permutation of the factors doesn't
change the space and so constitutes an automorphism. These permutationinduced
isoautomorphisms form a group which is a model of the group of permutations.
(19960927)
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