Permanent Magnet Stepper Motor
The permanent magnet motor, also referred to as a "canstack" motor, has, as the name implies, a permanent magnet rotor. It is a relatively low speed, low torque device with large step angles of either 45 or 90 degrees. It's simple construction and low cost make it an ideal choice for non industrial applications, such as a line printer print wheel positioner.
Unlike the other stepping motors, the PM motor rotor has no teeth and is designed to be magnetized at a right angle to it's axis. The above illustration shows a simple, 90 degree PM motor with four phases (A-D). Applying current to each phase in sequence will cause the rotor to rotate by adjusting to the changing magnetic fields. Although it operates at fairly low speed the PM motor has a relatively high torque characteristic.
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